PAUL TILLICH: “Language...has created the word 'loneliness' to express the pain of being alone. And it has created the word 'solitude' to express the glory of being alone.”
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The Fifth PNPRS Lecture of Wilhelm A. Julian (PhD) will be held on 8 October (Saturday) at 2:30-4:30 PM at AMV College of Accounting,University of Santo Tomas.


      We will continue to retain the number of lecturers to six for 2016. As usual, the attendance of the lectures is inspired by the Fall Seminars of CRVP (see http://www.crvp.org) and the Vienna Circle where the number of participants ranges from seven to twenty or a little bit more. Even in some sessions of international conferences and in many sessions of the World Congress of Philosophy, an attendance of seven to fifteen is normal. The important thing is that there is a lecture and there are people who listen, discuss, and ask questions.

      The officers for 2014-2016 are: (1) Dr. Rolando M. Gripaldo (DLSU and MSU, Ret.) – Executive Governor, (2) Dr. Jove Jim Aguas (University of Santo Tomas) – Vice Executive Governor, (3) Dr. Juan Rafael Macaranas (De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde, Manila) - Chairman of the Board of Governors, (4) Roland Pada, MA (University of Santo Tomas, Manila) - Vice Chair of the Board, (5) Dr. Nicolito Gianan (University of the Philippines at Los Banos) - Secretary, (6) Mr. Alvin Tan (San Beda College) - Treasurer, (7) Dr. Moses Aaron Angeles (San Beda College) - Auditor, and (8) Dr. Wilhelm Julian (Department of Agrarian Reform, Quezon City) - Public Relations Officer. To view some 2014 biennial conference pictures, click here.To view some 2012 biennial conference pictures, click here.

      The bonafide PNPRS members—in addition to the seven officers—as of 1 January 2016 are the following: (9)Dr. Peter Collins (Institute for the History of Philosophy and Pedagogy, Rockville, Maryland); (10) Dr. Samet Bagce (Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey); (11) Dr. Sunday Olaoluwa Dada (Ekiti State University, Nigeria); (12) Dr. Benson Ohihon Igboin (Adekunle Adjacen University, Nigeria); (13) Dr. Noelle Leslie Dela Cruz (De La Salle University, Manila); (14) Dr. Engelbert Calimlim Pasag (Dankook University, Jukjeon, South Korea); (15) Ms. Marie Chris B. Ramoya(Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City); (16) Dr. Jeremy Centeno de Chavez (De La Salle University, Manila); (17) Mr. Redentor de la Rosa (Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon);(18) Dr. Narcisa Canilao (University of the Philippines, Baguio City); (19) Dr. Rizalino Noble Malabed (University of the Philippines at Los Baños, Laguna); (20) Mr. Marc Oliver D. Pasco (Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City); (21) Mr. Mark Kourie (University of Pretoria, South Africa); (22) Dr. Benda Hofmeyr (University of Pretoria, South Africa); (23) Dr. Miguel Lopez-Astorga (University of Talca, Chile); (24) Dr. Maria Imelda Pastrana Nabor (Aklan State University, Aklan); (25) Mark Omorovie Ikeke (Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria); (26) Dr. Leni dlR Garcia (De La Salle University, Manila); (27) Dr. E. Andy Dy Manalo (Core Cardiovascular Care, Centuria Medical Center, Makati City); (28) Dr. Janice Paras Milo (Ifugao State University, Ifugao); (29) Dr. Manuel P. Malingan III (Ifugao State University, Ifugao); (30) Ms. Eva Marie C. Dugyon (Ifugao State University, Ifugao); (31) Dr. Alma C. Binwag (Ifugao State University, Ifugao); (32) Ms. Marriane B. Malingan (Ifugao State University, Ifugao); (33) Dr. Rochie Avelino Matienzo (University of Santo Tomas, Manila); (34) Mr. Joharel Sunico Escobia (Father Saturnino Urios University, Butuan City);(35) Dr. Napoleon Mabaquiao(De La Salle University, Manila); (36) Dr. Ria Edwina Gripaldo(Columbia, South Carolina, USA); (37) Dr. Wilfried Vanhoutte (Saint Louis University, Baguio City); (38) Ms. Amelia S. Bobadilla (Laguna State Polytechnic University); (39) Ms. Jane V. Moreno (North Luzon Philippines State College, Ilocos Sur); (40) Dr. Rodolfo C. Moreno (North Luzon Philippines State College, Ilocos Sur); (41) Mr. Marc Rambo D. Rondera (National University, Manila), (42) Ms. Donnabel T. Banasen (North Luzon Philippines State College, Ilocos Sur); and (43) Mr. Herdy L. Yumul (Mariano Marcos State University, Batac City, Ilocos Norte).

University of Santo Tomas
España, Manila
Venue: Third lecture at UST, AMV College of Accountancy,Room 431
[Registration with snack and certificate]
(Officers: P300; Others: P200; Students: free)

1. March 5 (Saturday, 2:30-5:00 PM)              - Napoleon M. Mabaquiao (PhD), De La Salle University, Manila: “Why Minds Matter: Introducing the Philosophy of Mind”

ABSTRACT: The lecture will basically introduce the philosophy of mind as a distinct branch of philosophy. It will discuss the motivations behind the development of the philosophy of mind as a distinct branch of philosophy, the central issues, and the various theories in the discipline, and its significance and relevance in light of current developments in the areas of computing, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence.

2. April 23 (Saturday, 10:00-12:00 AM)              - Redentor de la Rosa (MA), Central Mindanao University, Bukidnon: “Natural law and moral virtues: Why among theories of ethics only the natural law escapes the naturalistic fallacy?”

ABSTRACT: In this paper I argue that the natural law theory is the only ethical theory that escapes the naturalistic fallacy. This is done by clarifying the true meaning of natural law as found in St. Thomas Aquinas. Through the help of Martin Rhonheimer’s exegesis of Aquinas’s works, it is shown that Aquinas held that the natural law is nothing else than the moral virtues. In the light of these, I offer, in the second part, brief responses to some other criticisms against the natural law.

3. August 13 (postponed indefinitely)               - Jeremy De Chavez (PhD), De La Salle University: “On love and thoughts Intimate Connivance: Thinking Love with Alain Badiou and Jean-Luc Nancy”

ABSTRACT: There is almost a universal consensus that the thinking of love necessitates that it be thought in conjunction with emotions, affects, passions, and feelings. This approach positions love within a domain beyond cognition; consequently, love is dominantly conceived as that which properly resists thought. It is simply amorphous intensity that cannot be held down by the restrictive grip of any theory. Paradoxically, it is the metaphorical language of poetry and art that provides the most “direct” method to render love somewhat accessible to thought. In this essay, I oppose such an “anti-philosophical” position, and offer an exploration of love’s kinship with thought and truth. Drawing primarily from the work of Jean-Luc Nancy and Alain Badiou, I insist on the relationship of love and thought, for it is an occasion that obligates one to realize the “intimate connivance between love and thinking,” to use the words of Nancy. At a time when love is threatened by accusations of being nothing more than a "cruel optimism," Nancy and Badiou offer a philosophical defense of love by underscoring its kinship to thought and to truth.

4. To be adjusted (Saturday, 2:30-5:00 PM)               - Rochie Matienzo (PhD), University of Santo Tomas, Manila: “Kierkegaard in Quiapo!: An Existential Reading of the Religious Experience of the Black Nazarene 'Traslación' Devotion”         

ABSTRACT: In 1521, the Spanish conquistadores brought Christian faith to the Philippine islands. Through centuries, this faith becomes infused with the indigenous culture that paved the way to what is known today as the “Filipino popular religiosity." One of the most famous (and perhaps, infamous) among these rituals is the annual "Traslación" (“the passage”) devotion in honor of the Black Nazarene in Quiapo, Manila. The ritual is a procession first held in 1787 when the life-sized wooden 17th-century image of a suffering Christ was transferred from a small Augustinian church in Intramuros, Manila to its present Basilica in the Quiapo District. Since then, countless accounts of “miracles” have been claimed by its devotees that attracted not only the local scene but the international media as well. From 2004-2014, there is 4,000% increase of participants recorded who joined this religiosity; since for a devotee, it has become a personal "panata" (sacred vow) which one promises to keep until one’s strength allows him/her so. This practice of faith, however, also recorded a more than seven thousand injuries and nine lives lost since 2004. Thus, a widespread criticism of irrationality, idolatry, and paganism, become a synonymous emblem of the annual feast. In 1843, a Dane and existentialist Søren Kierkegaard published his visionary work, "Fear and Trembling," which describes a kind of “faith by virtue of the absurd” as inward, passionate, and subjective. Years after, in 1846, he defined this kind of “faith” in a polemic work, "Concluding Unscientific Postscript" implying that authentic faith may appear extremely absurd to all yet meaningful to the believer. This meaning is neither learned nor apprehended and yet experienced through a decisive and personal “leap” into the abyss faith. This essay, thus, wishes to reflect on the religious experience of the Black Nazarene devotion vis-à-vis Kierkegaardian faith as observed during the "Traslación" to provide a philosophical appreciation of this Filipino kind of faith.

5.October 8 (Saturday, 2:30-4:30 PM)         - Wilhelm A. Julian (PhD), Department of Agrarian Reform, Manila: “A Living Legacy: Ronald Coase’s Theorem and the Agrarian Reform of the Philippines through a Geneaological Postmodern Approach”        

ABSTRACT:Inevitable progressive development brought by the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) best exemplifies the famous 0-zero transaction cost principle, which is very hard to understand as proposed by the famous economist and Nobel Prize Winner, Ronald Coase. His principle, however, is easily understood when CARP is applied. CARP epitomizes an unintended experimental institution that evolved through various time dimensions, towards a unified goal. Ethnography, a qualitative tool confirms the positive huge impact of CARP on the social mobility of farming families. Genealogical analysis, a postmodern approach presents Filipinos’ struggles to claim land, which highlights the crucial significance of CARP deeply rooted in our unchangeable history. CARP’s extensive accounts bear an integrative force that results in future formulation of functional policies, relevant to an agricultural/tropical country. Moreover, DAR, a significant government mechanism, is a comfortable venue to directly convey messages reverberating rural folks/farmers’ struggles. Small voices have freedom, in the Philippine postmodern scenario.

6. December 3 (Saturday, 2:30-5:00 PM)         - Ian Raymond Pacquing (PhD), University of Santo Tomas, Manila: “Erich Fromm’s authoritarian personality and individual dependency”

ABSTRACT: The history of human struggles has shown the oscillation between individual dependency towards authoritarian regimes and the domination of the latter in order to regain power and control. This has remained to be the case in any eco-political and socio-cultural resistances the world has witnessed for so many decades. Totalitarianism, Fascism, Nazism, Socialism, Democratic institutionalism, and even religious fundamentalism are not exempt to the dialectic between dependency-submission and control-domination. I wish then to explore the ideas of the prominent psychoanalyst Erich Fromm. Although he has been a forgotten intellectual as claimed by many, I think his ideas on authoritarian personality becomes so essential that we could not ignore that one of the fundamental aspects in any human struggle is the psychological element entrenched on it. In this case, a symbiotic relationship between the “ruled” and the “ruler” is cemented. This kind of human relationship becomes so crucial in order to maintain the socio-economic, eco-political, and even the religious aspects of a given society. Unconsciously written, however, is the psycho-social characteristic which wraps the individuality and autonomy of every human being.


          Papers for the 2016 PNPRS Annual Lecture Series are welcome. They should be thesis-oriented although an expository paper on a philosopher's ideas may be welcome if its significance is justified in the text. The title must be catchy or thought-provoking.An abstract of 100-150 words is preferred. You can write on any philosophical topic provided the length does not go beyond 15 pages, New Times Roman, font 12, single-spaced, including notes and references. Deadline for abstracts is not later than 30 October 2015. Final papers should be submitted by 31 December 2013. The earlier submitted the better. Only 6 papers will be accepted and scheduled. The presentation will be good for 40-45 minutes, accompanied with powerpoint.


          Two major activities of the Philippine National Philosophical Research Society (PNPRS) are (1) the Philosophia journal [http://www.ejournals.ph.index.php?journal=PIJP], which is abstracted in Thomson-Reuters (formerly ISI) Book of Knowledge [ http://science.thomsonreuters.com/cgi-bin/jrnlst/jlresults.cgi?PC=H&Alpha=P], in The Philosopher’s Index [http://philindex.org/downloads/PIC_Country_Coverage.pdf], Scopus [#26,323][http://www.info.sciverse.com/documents/files/scopus ](click "Content," Click "Journal Title List," and click below "title_list(#).xlsx"), C & R Index Database (www.ejournals.ph), and recently in ASEAN Citation Index Database and in EBSCO Index Database, and (2) the Annual Lecture Series. On 11 September 2012 the Philippine Commission on Higher Education classified the journal as Category A-1 [click to view]. To view some pages of the May 2015 issue, click here; to view some pages of the January 2016 issue, click here; and to view some pages of the May 2016 issue, click here.


1stlect2011 The Philippine National Philosophical Research Society is a nonstock, nonsectarian, and nonprofit society. Its advocacy is to make philosophy an essential instrument and academic discipline in nation-building and world understanding. It recognizes loyalty to philosophy and to the nation. To support its activities, particularly philosophical researches and the publication of Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy, the Society shall raise funds for such purposes. It shall explore avenues of raising funds through tradebook/textbook production, holding of seminars/discussion/lecture fora, co-publications, memberships, subscriptions, donations, and others. It shall also establish links with foundations, philanthropists, political and economic leaders, and other entities. (Art. I, Sec. 1, PNPRS By-Laws) [PNPRS hopes to produce not just scholars but world class philosophers as well. The picture is the 1st lecture of the 2011 PNPRS Lecture Series, which included students. We have now shifted to teachers and professional philosophers. To view the group pictures of the 1st to the 6th lectures of the 2014 Lecture Series, click here.To view the group pictures of the 1st to 6th lectures of the 2015 Lecture Series, click here.To view the group pictures of the 1st to 2nd lectures of the 2016 Lecture Series, click here.


          PNPRS was registered at the Securities and Exchange Commission in 1997 with Certificate of Registration No. A199704867[click to view]. In 2010 it obtained its Certificate of Filing of Amended Articles of Incorporation [click to view], its Certificate of Filing of New By-Laws [click to view], its Bureau of Internal Revenue Certificate of Registration [click to view], and in 2014, its latest General Information Sheet (GIS 2016) [click to view].


RUDOLF CARNAP: “When we look at the historical development of the sciences we see that philosophy has been the mother of them all.” [2011]
MARTIN HEIDEGGER: “It is in words and language that things first come into being and are.” [2012]
LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN: “The limits of my language mean the limits of my world.” [January-June 2013]
JOHN SEARLE: “Where questions of style and exposition are concerned I try to follow a simple maxim: if you can't say it clearly you don't understand it yourself.” [July-December 2013]
FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE: “Reality is a flux, an endless becoming (Werden) that is beyond words and language—all language is metaphor, useful to us but ultimately detached from reality (metaphysics is dead).” [January-July 2014]
ROBIN WILLIAMS: “So avoid using the word ‘very,’ because it’s lazy. A man is not very tired. He is exhausted. Don’t use ‘very sad,’ use ‘morose.’ Language was invented for one reason, boys—to woo women—and, in that endeavor, laziness will not do.” [August-October 2014]
JOHN LOCKE: “We should have a great fewer disputes in the world if words were taken for what they are, the signs of our ideas only, and not for things themselves.” [November-December 2014]
G. F. W. HEGEL: “Just as when I say 'all animals,' this expression cannot pass for a zoology, so it is equally plain that the words, 'the Divine,' 'the Absolute,' 'the Eternal,' etc., do not express what is contained in them; and only such words, in fact, do express the intuition as something immediate. Whatever is more than such a word, even the transition to a mere proposition, contains a becoming-other that has to be taken back, or is a mediation.” [January-August 2015]
NELSON MANDELA: “If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head.If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.” [September-December 2015]
SWAMI VIVEKANANDA: “We are what our thoughts have made us; so take care about what you think. Words are secondary. Thoughts live; they travel far. ” [January-June 2016]

[PNPRS is dedicated to the philosophical education of the Filipino mind.]